What is the EU ETS and how is it changing?
The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (“EU ETS”) is a legislative scheme by which the EU caps emissions of greenhouse gases from certain industries by requiring emitters to surrender emission allowances to offset the gases they emit. A limited number of emitters are granted some free emission allowances, but most allowances must be purchased in auctions arranged by the European Energy Exchange (the “EEX”), which allowances may then be traded, before being surrendered to a competent authority by the emitters. Hence, the EU ETS is a “cap and trade” emissions scheme.
Change is underway to include certain emissions from shipping within the EU ETS, by phasing in requirements to report emissions and to purchase and surrender allowances for increasing proportions of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxides (N2O) and methane (CH4) emissions from shipping activity within the EU, between now and 2026.
Continue Reading EU formalises its plans for the expansion of the EU ETS into shipping in 2024